Do socioeconomic factors of a country affect its sports achievements in Commonwealth Games?

Siddharth Kumar, Naresh Chandra Sahu, Pushp Kumar


Several studies have analysed the factors affecting the performance of a country in various sports events. The empirical literature on the effect of socioeconomic factors of a country on its sports achievements is scarce. The existing studies have been focused on the Olympic Games and have ignored the other mega-events like Commonwealth Games. This study contributes to the surprisingly sparse empirical literature on the socioeconomic factors that contribute to the sports achievements of a country. The study is aimed at investigating the relationship of socioeconomic factors of a country with its sports achievements in Commonwealth Games during 1962–2014. The sports achievements are measured by the total number of medals won in a Commonwealth Games edition. By using panel data of 10 major countries which have participated in Commonwealth Games during the period, the study adopts  Poisson regression and panel negative binomial regression analysis. The results of the study reveal that hosting advantage contributes maximum to the increase in sports achievements of a country. Life expectancy, per capita GDP, and literacy rate also play a positive and significant role in getting additional medals for a country.


Commonwealth games; medal counts; negative binomial regression; socioeconomic factors

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